Reviewing Root Words, Prefixes & Suffixes

Hello, everybody, I hope you guys are having a great day so far I'm going to take a few moments to go over some concepts from the lesson that you guys are working on today. And you guys are tackling roots, prefixes and suffixes. And so I wanted to get a chance to talk about this in a little more detail. It might be familiar to some for others. You might have forgotten some of these concepts.

So I just want to make sure I went over it. We have not directly taught it in ELA this year. So, um, I, just. Wanted to get a chance to review these concepts you'll see that these are the examples that are on your worksheet. So you can use what I'm talking about here as you're working on your worksheet today.

So a root is a part of a word that contains the core meaning of the word all right. So what that means is that a root word is the part of that word that can give you some hints about what that word means all right, your example. Here is the word science, I've, underlined, the root word, sigh, all right, which. Means knowledge all right and let's look at this and a little more depth here.

So you might be asking, okay, well, that's great, you know, we're picking apart. These words, but why does this matter? Why is this helpful?

Why do I need to know this? Um, and this is a very important skill and concept to help. You figure out the meaning of unknown or unfamiliar words.

So when you guys are reading a new text, or you come across a word that you've not seen before, or that, you are having trouble pronouncing or. Understanding you can look at the root of the word and use that to help you figure out what it means. So you can break it down and make some educated guesses or inferences about what the word is based off of its root.

So obviously there are a lot of roots. There are a lot of words that exist in English language. We know that it will take time to memorize all of them, but the more you're exposed to roots the better that you will remember them you guys already in your mind have knowledge of a whole. Bunch of root words and what they mean you might not even consciously know that you have this knowledge bank, but you do. This is just a bit more of an explicit instruction of some of those roots.

So let's think back to the root words side. We just learned that it means knowledge or to know, and we can use our knowledge of that to figure out the meaning of this word right here. Alright. So this word is omniscient, it's a little of a trickier word than science I've.

Given you a little. Pronunciation guide right here, omniscient, alright, and I know that the root word SAI means not know or knowledge. We just learned that, and I know that the prefix OFNI means all or every, and we'll get two prefixes on the next slide. So I'm combining my knowledge of OFNI, right there and SAI, right there, and I'm going to make an educated.

Guess that omniscient has something to do with all knowledge. And an omniscient, actually does mean knowing everything are all-knowing all right. So you can see how we. Used our skills here to combine our knowledge of the prefix OFNI and the root word SAI to figure out what the word means and that's, why that skill is so important guys? Because when you are reading a new text, and there are some unfamiliar words in there, you're going to use your knowledge of root words to help.

You figure out what those words mean, I use it all the time when I'm reading a text, and I've come across a word that I am, unfamiliar with. Alright. So let's, take a look at some examples. Alright, Again, these are from your worksheets, and we'll. Look at this first one, right here belly or belly.

Alright and it's kind of weird to say, without the rest of the word I've drawn lines on either side because technically the root could be at the middle, and we're, adding to the beginning or the end all right. So let's go over an example for this one right here so belly or belief or Billy means war, all right and I see this, and I know, word that I could add to this, or I could add an Intuit suffix all right. So belligerent means hostile or aggressive, okay. And you can kind of see the connection between war and the definition that I just gave you guys for belligerent you'll, see on your worksheet that it's, not necessarily always going to be exactly the same. But you can use some inferencing skills. Some educated guessed skills to see that. Okay, the definition of belligerent is close to the definition of war, or you know, wartime.

Okay. So that's me adding on to the root word right here to get belligerent. Alright, and if you came across the word belligerent, and you didn't know what it meant you could use your deduction skills based off of your knowledge of this root word here, all right, let's. Take a look at this next all right this. Next one is tracked, oh, this one's easy. I can just go in and add an O R and I. Now have the word tractor all right and tractors, of course, are a motorized tool, that's used on a farm, and it's pulled to help with crops and different things like that.

Alright, our next one here. Is hydra. Alright?

And this one means water that one should be pretty obvious to us as well. So we can then go in add to the end of it hydrate all right, which means to drink water or some type of liquid to get rid of your thirst. All right and the last one flex by itself as a root word. It means - that means Bend.

And so if I add this right here, oops that didn't turn into an e. So if I do flexible that just means easily bendable, it can bend okay. So you can see that all of these right here are. Roots and you add suffixes or prefixes to add additional meaning to it all right, and you can study the meanings of root words to help. You figure out what a no words mean all right, let's. Look at our last slide here. So the other part of your assignment today has you reviewing some prefixes and suffixes?

You are using similar skills here with your prefixes and suffixes as you were with your root words, you can use your knowledge of prefixes and your knowledge of suffixes to help. You figure out what. An unknown word means, alright, so prefixes are going to come at the beginning of a word. Alright. So here are some examples of prefixes that we use a lot.

Okay? And you can look at how they add to the meaning of the word right there. And then suffixes are just the opposite, and they come at the end of the word, and they have their own meanings as well. Alright, so there are a lot of root words. There are a lot of prefixes.

There are a lot of suffixes, and you're going to want to take some time to study the. Different roots and prefixes and suffixes there are because that will help you figure out the meaning of unknown words and increase your vocabulary and your vocabulary acquisition, which is obviously the goal here. So good luck with your assignment today, please feel free to email me or any of your ELA teachers, if you have any questions on this have a great day.